STAGES OF EDIT
1. Mechanical edit
Corrects errors in spelling, punctuation, grammar, polishing the manuscript.
2. Substantive Edit
Goes deeper in the editing process to address sentence structure, inconsistency, and to point our plot holes. Mechanical and Substantive Edit are the two steps of the Copy Edit process.
3. Developmental Edit
A long term commitment for the editor and author to fine tune the entire manuscript, redefine the manuscript's structure, cut down entire chapters, kill characters, fix plot holes, and so on. Not all need to be done, sometime the author gets to save the character he/she loves.
Is done after the manuscript is converted to its final form, but before publication.
Why do I need editing?
Editing is one of the most important parts in the publishing process. The difference between a manuscript that sits in a shelf back home and a book that sells on the online store, is often made by the editing process.